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Professor Mohammed Mohammed

PositionProfessor of Healthcare Quality and Effectiveness, Deputy Director of Bradford Institute of Health Research
LocationChesham B1.15
DepartmentFaculty of Health Studies

PhD Supervision

Liana Nagy (2015 - ongoing) full-time home student

  • Research focus: Socioeconomic, cultural and ethnic differences in sedentary behaviour among primary school aged children.

Waleed Al Nadabi (2015 - ongoing) full-time international student

  • Research focus: Applying Statistical Process Control (SPC) to improve performance in Omani maternity units

Adeel Khan (2015- ongoing) full-time home student

  • Research title: Patient consent to share data in their electronic health records: exploring issues and surfacing the complexities.

Hisham Kelendar (2016- ongoing) full-time international student

  • Research title: A Roadmap for developing lean Hospital Strategy In Kuwait to improved efficiency: An empirical study of the Impact of lean thinking on Kuwait health services environment

Karen Khan (2016- ongoing) part-time student

  • Research title: The ‘silent workforce’: Using the voices of student midwives to explore midwives understanding of the influence of organisational culture on decision-making and patient safety

Study History

BSc Engineering, University of Central England (1985)

M.Eng Systems Engineering, University of Wales Institute of Science and Technology (1986)

Certificate in Health Service Management, Institute of Health Service Managers (1995)

PhD Towards Improving Colorectal Cancer Care, University of Birmingham (2002)

MSc Medical Statistics (distinction), University of Leicester (2011)


  • Deputy Director of Bradford Institute of Health Research
  • Academic Advisor to the Yorkshire & Humber Academic Health Sciences Network Improvement Academy


Louch, G., O’Hara, J., Mohammed, M.A. (2017). A qualitative formative evaluation of a patient centered patient safety intervention in collaboration with hospital volunteers. Health Expectations (forthcoming).

Faisal M, Howes R, Steyerberg EW, Richardson D, Mohammed MA. Using routine blood test results to predict the risk of death for emergency medical admissions to hospital: an external model validation study QJM. DOI: hcw110 First published online: 2 August 2016

Kelly B, Mason D, Petherick ES, Wright J, Mohammed MA, Bates C. Maternal health inequalities and GP provision: investigating variation in consultation rates for women in the Born in Bradford cohort. J Public Health (2016) doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdw064

Mohammed MA, Faisal M, Richardson D, Howes R, Beaton K, Speed K, Wright J. Adjusting for illness severity shows there is no difference in patient mortality at weekends or weekdays for emergency medical admissions. QJM July 2016DOI: hcw104 First published online: 12 July 2016

Selby N, Casula A, Lamming L, Mohammed M, Caskey F ; Tackling AKI Investigators. Design and rationale of “Tackling Acute Kidney Injury”, a multicenter quality improvement study. Nephron 2016. DOI: 10.1159/000447675

Teare J, Horne M, Clements G, Mohammed MA. A comparison of job descriptions for nurse practitioners working in out-of-hours primary care services: implications for workforce planning, patients and nursing. (under review). Journal of Clinical Nursing (May 2016).

Wood S, Greenfield S, Haque MS, Martin U, Gill P, Mant J, Mohammed MA, Heer G, Johal A, Kaur R, Schwartz C, McManus R. Patient preferences for different methods of blood pressure measurement: is ethnicity relevant? Br J Gen Pract 2016; DOI: 10.3399/bjgp16X685717

Ward S, Mohammed MA, Walt R, Valori R, Ismail T, Dunckley P. The learning curve to achieve satisfactory completion rates in upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: An analysis of a national training database. GUT. March 2016. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2015-310443.

Clegg A, Bates C, Young J, Ryan R, Nichols L, Teale EA, Mohammed MA, Parry J, Marshall T. Development and validation of an electronic frailty index using routine primary care electronic health record data. Age and Ageing Feb 2016; 0: 1–8 doi: 10.1093/ageing/afw039
This work won the prestigious national EHI award for Healthcare IT Product Innovation 2016 for the development, validation and implementation of the electronic frailty index (eFI)
Also winner of Royal College of Physicians Jan 2017 Excellence in Patient Care Awards
Shortlisted as a finalist in the Medipex Innovation Awards 2017 Medical Devices and Diagnostics category

Lycett D, Nichols L, Ryan R, Farley A, Roalfe A, Mohammed M, Szatkowski L, Coleman T, Morris R, Farmer A, Aveyard P. The Association between Smoking Cessation and HbA1c Control of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A THIN database cohort study. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology (Volume 3, No. 6, p423–430, June 2015 ) DOI:

Mcleod H, Obrien D, Wyatt S, Mohammed MA. Effect of pay-for-outcomes and encouraging new providers on National Health Service smoking cessation services in England: a cluster controlled study. April 15, 2015. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0123349


Haith-Cooper, M., Stacey, T., Edwards, E., Clements, G., Mohammed, M.A. (2014 - in press) Pregnancy related telephone consultations to an out-of-hours provider: a retrospective database study. Primary Healthcare,

Schmidt, P.E., Meredith, P., Prytherch, D.R., Watson, D., Watson, V., Killen, R.M., Greengross, P., Mohammed, M.A., Smith, G.B. (2014) Impact of introducing an electronic physiological surveillance system on hospital mortality. BMJ Quality & Safety 2014, 0, pp.1-11. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2014-003073

Bryant, M., Santorelli, G., Fairley, L.,  Petherick, E.S., Bhopal, R., Lawlor, D.A., Tilling, K., Howe, L.D., Farrar, D., Cameron, N., Mohammed, M.A., Wright, J. and the Born in Bradford Childhood Scientific Group (2014) Obesity Agreement between routine and research measurement of infant height and weight. Archives of Disease in Childhood,

Ward, S., Mohammed, M.A., Walt, R., Valori, R., Ismail, T., Dunckley, P. (2014) An analysis of the learning curve to achieve competency at colonoscopy using the JETS database. GUT,


Begh, R., Munafò, M.R., Shiffman, S., Ferguson, S.G., Nichols, L., Mohammed, M.A., Holder, R.L., Sutton, S., Aveyard, P. (2013) Attentional bias retraining in cigarette smokers attempting smoking cessation (ARTS): Study protocol for a double blind randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health 2013, 13, p.1176.

Wu, J., Zhu, S., Yao, G.L., Mohammed, M.A., Marshall, T. (2013) Patient Factors Influencing the Prescribing of Lipid Lowering Drugs for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in UK General Practice: A National Retrospective Cohort Study. PLoS ONE, 8 (7), p.e67611. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0067611

Silvester, K., Mohammed, M.A., Harriman, P., Girolami, A., Downes, T. (2013) Timely care for frail older people referred to hospital improves efficiency and reduces mortality without the need or extra resources. Age and Ageing. 0, p.1–6. doi: 10.1093/ageing/aft170

Jarvis, S.W., Kovacs, C., Badriyah, T., Briggs, J., Mohammed, M.A., Meredith, P., Schmidt, P.E., Featherstone, P.I., Prytherch, D.R., Smith, G.B. (2013) Development and validation of a decision tree early warning score based on routine laboratory test results for the discrimination of hospital mortality in emergency medical admissions. Resuscitation,

Jarvis, S.W., Kovacs, C., Badriyah, T., Briggs, J., Mohammed, M.A., Meredith, P., Schmidt, P.E., Featherstone, P.I., Prytherch, D.R., Smith, G.B. (2013) Development and validation of a decision tree early warning score based on routine laboratory test results for the discrimination of hospital mortality in emergency medical admissions. Resuscitation,

Mohammed, M.A., Marshall, T., Nirantharakumar, K., Stevens, A., Fitzmaurice, D. (2013 - in press) Patterns of warfarin use in subgroups of patients with atrial fibrillation: a cross-sectional analysis of 430 general practices in the UK. PLOS One,

Protty, M., Mann, J., Mohammed, M.A., Holder, R., Wiskin, C. (2013) A new preclinical-year revision course designed and taught by clinical-year students. Medical Teacher,

Mohammed, M.A., Panesar, J., Laney, D., Wilson, R. (2013) Statistical process control for attribute data involving very large sample sizes: a review of problems and solutions. BMJ Quality and Safety in Health Care, doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2012-001373

Mohammed, M.A., Stevens, A.J. (2013) A Simple Insightful Approach to Investigating a Hospital Standardised Mortality Ratio: An Illustrative Case-Study. PLoS ONE, 8 (3), p.e57845. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057845

Hussain, S., Mohammed, M.A., Shukur, G. (2013) Congenial multiple imputation and matched pair models for square tables. Journal of Business Administration Research, 2 (1),  doi:10.5430/jbar.v2n1p1

Lester, H.E., Matharu, T., Mohammed, M.A., Lester, D., Foskett-Tharby, R. (2013) Implementation of pay for performance in English primary care. A qualitative study eight years after introduction. BJGP,


Mohammed, M.A., Worthington, P. (2012) Why traditional statistical process control charts for attribute data should be viewed alongside an xmr-chart. BMJ Qual Saf,

Mohammed, M.A., El-Sayed, C., Marshall, T. (2012) Patient and other factors influencing the prescribing of cardiovascular prevention therapy in the general practice setting with and without nurse assessment. Medical Decision Making, 32 (3), pp.498-50.

Mohammed, M.A., Holder, R.T. (2012) Introducing analysis of means to medical statistics. BMJ Qual Saf, 21, pp.529-532

Mohammed, M.A., Clements, G., Edwards, E., Lester, H. (2012) Factors which influence the length of an out-of-hours telephone consultation in primary care: a retrospective database study. BMC Health Services Research, 12. p.430

Mohammed, M.A., Khesh, S.S., Rudge, G., Stevens, A.J. (2012) Weekend admission to hospital has a higher risk of death in the elective setting than in the emergency setting: a retrospective database study of National Health Service hospitals in England. BMC Health Services Research, 12, p.87

Mohammed, M.A., Rudge, G., Wood, G., Smith, G., Nangalia, V., Prytherch, D., Holder, R., Briggs, J. (2012) Which Is More Useful in Predicting Hospital Mortality - Dichotomised Blood Test Results or 3 of 16 Actual Test Values? A Retrospective Study in Two Hospitals. PLoS ONE, 7 (10), p.e46860

Girling, A., Hofer, T.P., Wu, J., Chilton, P., Nicholl, J., Mohammed, M.A., Lilford, R.J., et al (2012) Case-mix adjusted hospital mortality is a poor proxy for preventable mortality: a modelling study. BMJ Qual Saf, 21, pp.1052–1056.

Mohammed, M.A., Manktelow, B.N., Hofer, T.P. (2012) Comparison of four methods for deriving hospital standardised mortality ratios from a single hierarchical logistic regression model: a retrospective study using The Neonatal Survey data. Statistical Methods in Medical Research,

Mohammed, M.A., Marshall, T., Gill, P. (2012) The effect of chance variability in blood pressure readings on the decision making of general practitioners: an internet based case vignette study. PLoS ONE, 7 (11), p.e46556


Nevill, A., Stavropoulos-Kalinoglou, A., Metsios, G.S., Koutedakis, Y., Holder, R.L., Kitas, G.D., Mohammed, M.A. (2011) Inverted BMI rather than BMI is a better proxy for percentage of body fat. Annals of Human Biology, Early Online: pp.1–4 DOI: 10.3109/03014460.2011.606832.


Mohammed, M.A., Deeks, J. et al (2009) Evidence of methodological bias in hospital standardized mortality ratios: retrospective database study of English hospitals. BMJ, 338, b780


Mohammed, M.A., Deeks, J. et al (2009) Evidence of methodological bias in hospital standardized mortality ratios: retrospective database study of English hospitals. BMJ, 338, b780

Mohammed, M.A., Hayton, R., Clements, G., Smith, G., Prytherch, D. (2009) Improving accuracy and efficiency of early warning scores in acute care. British Journal of Nursing, 18 (1), pp.18-24.

Saunders, P., Mohammed, M.A. (2009) Environmental public health tracking: piloting methods for surveillance of environmentally friendly related disease in England and Wales. Environ Geochem Health, 31 (2), pp.309-13  doi:10.1007/s10653-008-9216-3


Hussain, S., Mohammed. M.A., Holder, R., Almasri, A., Shukur, G. (2008) Performance Evaluation Based on the Robust Mahalanobis Distance and Multilevel Modelling Using Two New Strategies. Communications in Statistics - Simulation and Computation, DOI: 10.1080/03610910802311692).

Mohammed, M.A., Worthington, P., Woodall, W. (2008) Tutorial notes on how to plot some basic control charts (By invitation). Journal of Quality & Safety in Health Care, 17 (2), pp.137-145.

Mohammed, M.A., Deeks, J. (2008) In the context of performance monitoring the caterpillar plot should be mothballed in favour of the funnel plot. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 86, p.348.

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