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Professor Maryann Hardy

PositionProfessor of Radiography and Imaging Practice Research
Location3.12
Department or DivisionSchool of Allied Health Professions & Sport (Radiography)
Feedback HoursPlease telephone / email for an appointment
Telephone01274 236578
Emailm.l.hardy1@bradford.ac.uk
Twitter@MLHardy11
LinkedIn ProfileVisit my LinkedIn profile
ORCID0000-0001-5700-5118

PhD Supervision

Omar Thalji (ongoing) full-time international student
Research focus: The role extension of Radiographers in Jordan.

Rachel Forton (ongoing) part-time student
Research focus: Advanced Practice Radiographers leading the way in Cardiac CT imaging. Is this one role development too far or does this innovative approach provide key stake holders with the  satisfaction demanded by the 2010 Government white paper?

Jamie Beck (ongoing) part-time home student
Research focus: A retrospective analysis of the contribution of the radiological skeletal survey to the establishment of suspicious injuries in case of suspected non-accidental injury in children

Completions

Colin Ayre (2016) Part-time home student
Research focus: Investigate the effectiveness of a physiotherapist led acute knee injury clinic within an Accident & Emergency department.

Iram Gul (2015) Full-time extramural student
Research focus: To Examine Level of Social Support Available to Patients Having Suffered Myocardial Infarction and Determine its Impact on Post Event Depression.

Teaching and Supervisory Responsibilities

Expertise across diagnostic radiography subjects and wider health care practice

Biography

Maryann Hardy is Professor of Radiography and Imaging Practice Research. She is passionate about advancing radiographic practice and promoting service delivery models that put the patient first.

She considers imaging to be an essential diagnostic and treatment evaluation service in most, if not all, care management pathways and her work focuses on how to effectively engage the skills of radiographers and other healthcare professionals with imaging services to enhance and improve patient outcomes.

She is a widely published researcher and author, a member of the UK Society and College of Radiographers, Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and registered as a diagnostic radiographer with the HCPC regulatory body. She sits on a number of national and international bodies and panels.

Study History

  • 2007 PhD - University of Bradford
    Research focus: accidental injuries in primary school aged children
  • 2004 PgCert Research Methods University of Bradford
  • 2002 MSc Healthcare Practice University of Bradford
  • 1998 PgCErt Radiographic Image Interpretation University of Bradford
  • 1998 BSc(Hons)(Open) (Math and Mathematical applications), Open University
  • 1989 Diploma of the College of Radiographers (DCR(R))

Research Areas

Advanced practice and service delivery innovations

Current Projects

  • Motion capture as a radiography education tool (£30,010) Ongoing study
  • CT simulation to enable clinical decision making (£75,000) Ongoing study
  • Neonatal chest radiography: evaluating international standards (£2500) Ongoing study
  • Technology enhanced learning: access and influence of web based learning materials (unfunded) Ongoing

Publications

Guides

Hardy, M. and Snaith, B. (2010) Radiography Abnormality Detection System: A guide to Implementation.

Books

Hardy, M., Snaith, B., Henwood, S. (2014) Leading in Health Care: challenging boundaries and future potential. In: Practical Leadership in Nursing and Health Care - A multi-professional approach. Boston: CRC Press

Snaith, B., Hardy, M. (2014) Motivating and engaging others: Driving practice change.  In: Practical Leadership in Nursing and Health Care - A multi-professional approach. Boston: CRC Press

Hardy, M. and Snaith, B. (2010) Musculoskeletal trauma: A guide to assessment and diagnosis. Elsevier.

Hardy, M. and Snaith, B. (2005) Beyond Red Dot-An introduction to musculoskeletal trauma (course companion). In Print and Design, University of Bradford: Bradford

Hardy, M. and Boynes, S. (2003) Paediatric Radiography. Oxford: Blackwell Science

Refereed Articles in Academic Journals

Hardy M, Johnson L, Sharples R, Boynes S, Irving D (2016) Does radiography advanced practice improve patient outcomes and health service quality? A systematic Review. British Journal of Radiology, DOI: 10.1259/bjr.20151066

Ogunmefun G, Hardy M, Boynes S (2016) Is magnetic resonance imaging a viable alternative to ultrasound as the primary imaging modality in the diagnosis of paediatric appendicitis? A systematic review. Radiography, DOI: 10.1016/j.radi.2016.01.001

Hardy M, Scotland B, Herron L (2015) Assessing sagittal rotation on posteroanterior radiographs: the effect of body morphology on radiographic appearances. Journal of Medical Imaging & Radiation Sciences, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmir.2015.07.004

Hardy M, Flintham K, Snaith B, Lewis EF (2015) The impact of image test bank construction on radiographic interpretation outcomes: A comparison study. Radiography, DOI: 10.1016/j.radi.2015.10.010

Hardy, M., Nightingale, J. (2014 - in press) Conceptualising the transition from advanced to consultant practitioner using a longitudinal qualitative approach: role clarity, self perception and adjustment. Journal of Medical Imaging & Radiation Sciences,

Hardy, M., Nightingale, J. (2014 - in press) Conceptualising the transition from advanced to consultant practitioner using a longitudinal qualitative approach: career promotion or significant life event? Journal of Medical Imaging & Radiation Sciences,

Snaith, B., Hardy, M. and Lewis, E. (2014 - in press) Radiographer reporting in the UK: A longitudinal analysis. Radiography,

Snaith, B., Hardy, M. and Lewis, E. (2014) Reducing image interpretation errors: Do communication strategies undermine this? Radiography, 20 (3), pp.230-234

Snaith, B., Hardy, M. (2014) Emergency department image interpretation accuracy: the influence of immediate reporting by radiology. International Emergency Nursing Journal,
22 (2), pp.63-68

Lewis, E., Hardy, M. and Snaith, B. (2013) Estimating the Effect of Nonresponse Bias in a Survey of Hospital Organizations. Evaluation & the Health Professions, (IF: 1.231 - 2012) 36 (3), pp.330-351

Lewis, E., Hardy, M. and Snaith, B. (2013) An analysis of survey reporting in the imaging professions: is non-response bias being adequately addressed? Radiography, 19 (3), pp.265-270

Snaith, B. and Hardy, M. (2013) The perceived impact of an emergency department immediate reporting service: An exploratory survey. Radiography, 19 (2), p.92-6

Hardy, M., Hutton, J. and Snaith, B. (2013) Is a radiographer led immediate reporting service for emergency department referrals a cost effective initiative? Radiography, 19 (1), pp.23-7

Hardy, M., Snaith, B. and Scally, A. (2013) The impact of immediate reporting on interpretive discrepancies and patient referral pathways within the emergency department: a randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Radiology, 86, p.0112. doi:10.1259/bjr.20120112 (IF: 1.314 - 2011)

Snaith, B., Hardy, M. (2013 - in press) Emergency department image interpretation accuracy: the influence of immediate reporting by radiology. International Emergency Nursing Journal, doi:10.1016/j.ienj.2013.04.004

Lewis, E.F., Hardy, M. and Snaith, B. (2013) An analysis of survey reporting in the imaging professions: Is the issue of non-response bias being adequately addressed? Radiography, pp.1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.radi.2013.02.003.

Hardy, M., Snaith, B. and Scally, A. (2012) The impact of immediate reporting on interpretive discrepancies and patient referral pathways within the emergency department: a randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Radiology, pp.1-8. DOI: 10.1259/bjr/28584277

Lancaster, A., Hardy, M. (2012) An investigation into the opportunities and barriers to participation in a radiographer comment scheme, in a multi-centre NHS trust. Radiography, 18 (2), pp.105-108

Hardy, M., Hutton, J. and Snaith, B. (2012) Is a radiographer led immediate reporting service for emergency department referrals a cost effective initiative? Radiography, 19 (1), pp.23-27

Hardy, M. and Snaith, B. (2011) The impact of radiographer immediate reporting on patient outcomes and service delivery within the emergency department: Designing a randomised controlled trial. Radiography, 17 (4), p.275-279

Snaith, B., Hardy, M. and Walker, A. (2011) Emergency ultrasound in the prehospital setting: the impact of environment on examination outcomes. Emergency Medical Journal, 28.

Hardy, M. and Snaith, B. (2009) Radiographer interpretation of trauma radiographs: issues for radiography education providers. Radiography, 15 (2), pp.101-05

Hardy, M., Smith, T., Legg, G., Motto, J., Ween, B. and Williams, I. (2008) The concept of advanced radiography practice: an international perspective. Radiography, 14 (Supp1), pp.e15-e19

Hardy, M., Snaith, B. and Smith, T. (2008) Radiographer reporting of trauma images: United Kingdom experience and the implications for evolving international practice. The Radiographer, 55 (1), pp.16-19.

Hardy, M., Snaith, B. and Spencer, N. (2008) Radiographer emergency department hot reporting: An assessment of service quality and feasibility. Radiography, 14 (4), pp.301-05

Snaith, B., Hardy, M. (2008) Radiographer abnormality detection schemes in the trauma environment :An assessment of current practice. Radiography, 14 (4), pp.277-81

Hardy, M., Snaith, B. (2007) How to achieve consultant practitioner status: a discussion paper. Radiography, 13 (4), p.265-70

Whittham, K., Hardy, M. (2007) A case study of an axillary artery pseudoaneurysm following anterior dislocation of the glenohumeral joint: A rare presentation on plain film radiographs. Radiography, 13 (3), pp.221-28

Snaith, B., Hardy, M. (2007) How to achieve advanced practitioner status: a discussion paper. Radiography, 13 (2), pp.142-46

Hardy, M., Culpan, D.G. (2007) Accident and Emergency Radiography: A comparison of radiographer commenting and red dotting. Radiography, 13 (1), pp.65-71

  • Reprinted in Radiography Ireland 2007, 11 (2), pp.71-76
  • Reprinted in Hold Pusten Norway 2007, 8, pp.14-18

Hardy, M., Snaith, B. (2006) Role Extension and Role Advancement - is there a difference? A discussion paper. Radiography, 12 (4), pp.327-331

Hardy, M., Barrett, C. (2004) The interpretation of trauma radiographs by radiographers and nurses in the United Kingdom: A comparison study. British Journal of Radiology, 77, pp.657-661

Graham, P., Hardy, M. (2004) The Immobilisation and Restraint of Paediatric Patients During Plain Film Radiographic Examinations. Radiography, 10 (1), pp.23-31

Hardy, M., Barrett, C. (2003) Interpreting Trauma Radiographs: What Level of Interpretive Accuracy Determines Competency to Practice- A Critical Review of the Literature. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 44 (1), pp.81-87

Hardy, M., Barrett, C. (2003) Requesting & Interpreting Trauma Radiographs: A Role Extension for Accident & Emergency Nurses. Journal of Accident & Emergency Nursing, 11 (4), pp.202-213

Hardy, M., Armitage, G. (2002) The Child's Right to Consent to Medical Investigations: Issues in Restraint and Immobilisation from a Multidisciplinary Perspective. The International Journal of Child Health Care, 6 (2), pp.107-119

Hardy, M., Persaud, A. (2001) The Challenge of Governance: Achieving Quality in Diagnostic Imaging. Radiography, 7 (3), pp.159-163

Articles in Professional Journals

Snaith B, Hardy M, Lewis E (2015) Radiographer reporting in the UK: A longitudinal analysis. Radiography 21(2): 119-123

Hardy M, Nightingale J (2014) Conceptualising the transition from advanced to consultant practitioner using a longitudinal qualitative approach: role clarity, self-perception and adjustment. Journal of Medical Imaging & Radiation Sciences 45(4): 364-372.

Hardy M, Nightingale J (2014) Conceptualising the transition from advanced to consultant practitioner using a longitudinal qualitative approach: career promotion or significant life event? Journal of Medical Imaging & Radiation Sciences 45(4): 356-363

Hardy, M., Snaith, B., Littlefair, S. (2008) Describing and commenting on chest X-rays: Common acute chest pathologies. Synergy, January

Snaith, B., Hardy, M. (2007) Describing and commenting on chest X-rays: The Trauma Chest. Synergy, November

Hardy, M., Snaith, B. (2007) Describing and commenting on chest X-rays: An approach to detecting and describing pathology Synergy, October: 14-19

Hardy, M., Snaith, B. (2007) Reporting on Chest X-rays: Critical review of chest anatomy and technique Synergy, September: 14-17

Snaith, B., Hardy, M. (2005) Radiographer comment schemes in practice: describing injuries. Synergy, December: 8-13

Hardy, M., Snaith, B. (2005) Developing and implementing radiographer comment systems: Issues for consideration, Synergy, November: 4-9

Hardy, M. (2004) Holding Children Still!, Synergy, January: 16-19. 

Impact

Outcomes from a previous NIHR RfPB study completed in 2010 (PB-PG-0407-13033 The impact of radiographer immediate reporting on patient outcomes and service delivery within the emergency department: A randomised controlled trial) have been identified as high quality and have informed NICE guidance for fracture treatment recently published. Please see http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng38/evidence/full-guideline-2358460765. Pages 115-123.

Previous studies looking at radiographer reporting and commenting have informed professional guidance document published by UK and international professional bodies.

Public/Academic/Stakeholder Engagement

Presentations

Hardy M (2016) Advanced Practice in Radiography: Impact and outcomes.  UK Radiological Congress, Liverpool, UK

Hardy M (2016) Radiographer image interpretation – readiness for practice Suomen Röntgenhoitajaliitto, Helsinki, Finland

Hardy M (2016) Evidence behind advanced and consultant practice and impact on patient care. 10th Advanced Practice Seminar, Wakefield, UK

Hardy M (2016) Radiology: the new horizon – equipping your workforce today to manage the demands of tomorrow. The future workforce. 6th National conference for Radiology Managers, London

Hardy M (2015) The future of Radiography. Suomen Röntgenhoitajaliitto conference, Tampere, Finland

Hardy M (2015) ELIiT faculty member: research skills development for Medical Radiations Technologists. Montreal, Canada

Hardy M (2015) Educating radiographers of the future. Suomen Röntgenhoitajaliitto conference, Tampere, Finland

Hardy M (2015) Radiographer image interpretation – readiness for practice Suomen Röntgenhoitajaliitto, Helsinki, Finland

Hardy M (2014) Experiences of preparing for REF submission. Achieving excellence in radiography education and research, SCoR, Bristol

Hardy M (2014) Improving Practice in paediatric skeletal radiography. SCoR, University College Hospital, London

Lewis E, Hardy M, Surr C (2015) Dementia Care in Diagnostic Imaging. Alzheimer Society Conference, London

Hardy M, Snaith B, Robinson R, Spencer N (2014) The big debate!: this house believe poor image quality is the major cause of error in diagnostic radiology UK Radiological Congress, Manchester, UK

Hardy M (2014) ELIiT faculty member: research skills development for Medical Radiations Technologists. Toronto, Canada

Flintham K, Lewis E, Snaith B, Hardy M (2014) Manufactured and reflective image datasets: equivalence in assessing image interpretation accuracy. Achieving excellence in radiography education and research, SCoR, Bristol

Snaith B, Hardy M (2014) Does e-learning prepare radiographers to provide a preliminary clinical evaluation for musculoskeletal trauma images? ISRRT 18th World Congress, Helsinki, Finland

Hardy M, Scotland B, Herron L (2014) The effect of body morphology, source image distance and patient orientation on perceived rotation on chest radiographs.  ISRRT 18th World Congress, Helsinki, Finland

Hardy M, Snaith B (2014) Improving neonatal chest radiography: an evaluation of image acquisition techniques, dose and technical quality.  ISRRT 18th World Congress, Helsinki, Finland

Hardy M, Snaith B (2014) Improving neonatal chest radiography: an evaluation of image acquisition techniques, dose and technical quality. UKRadiological Congress, Manchester, UK.

Snaith B, Hardy M Lewis E (2013) Radiographer contribution to the interpretation of trauma radiographs: a survey of UK practice. European Congress of Radiology, Vienna, Austria

Lewis E, Hardy M (2013) Impact of clinical placement on undergraduate achievement and academic attainment. European Congress of Radiology, Vienna, Austria

Hardy M, Snaith B (2013). Is a radiographer led immediate reporting service for emergency department referrals a cost effective initiative? European Congress of Radiology, Vienna, Austria

Hardy M (2013) Improving practice in pediatric skeletal radiography. Radiological Society of North America, Chicago, USA

Hardy M (2013)See how they grow!William Stripp Eponymous lectureUK Radiological Congress, Liverpool, UK

Lewis E, Hardy M (2012) How well is the issue of non-response bias dealt with in radiology research? UKRadiological Congress, Manchester, UK.

Nightingale J, Hardy M (2012) Facilitating the transition to non-medical consultant: a longitudinal evaluation. UKRadiological Congress, Manchester, UK.

Hardy M, Snaith B (2012) Is it Normal? A Patient Pathway Approach to Image Interpretation and Diagnostic Decision-making. ISRRT 17th World Congress, Toronto, Canada

Hardy M, Snaith B (2012) Image Interpretation: essential knowledge and skills. ISRRT 17th World Congress, Toronto, Canada

Hardy M (2011)The impact of radiographer led immediate reporting on patient outcomes and service delivery within the emergency department: Yorkshire CLRN Injuries and Emergencies annual meeting, Sheffield, UK

Lancaster A & Hardy M (2011) The opportunities and barriers to participation in a radiographer comment scheme. Poster UKRadiological Congress, Manchester, UK.

Hardy M, Snaith B (2011). Is radiographer ‘hot’ reporting cost effective? UKRadiological Congress, Manchester, UK.

Nightingale J, Hardy M (2011). Career transition theory - a new perspective on the journey from advanced to consultant practitioner UKRadiological Congress, Manchester, UK.

Snaith B, Hardy M (2010) Radiography Skills Mix – are we there yet? ISRRT 16th World Congress, Brisbane, Australia

Hardy M, Snaith B (2010) From ‘red dot’ to immediate reporting: impact of radiographers on patient outcomes and service delivery within the emergency department  ISRRT 16th World Congress, Brisbane, Australia 

In the News/Media

"Radiographer-led 'hot' reporting can help optimize patient care"
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"Paediatric radiography: See how they grow! Maryann Hardy at UKRC 2013"

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